Research

Work in progress

The effect of legislative misalignment on representation of constituency interests
  with Vardges Levonyan

We study how the correction of imperfect information in the legislature affects the representation of constituency interests. While belief updating ideally is expected to result in re-optimization by market actors, the effect on elite behaviour is less clear. This is because MPs pay a reputation cost when altering their policy stands, which could result in them abstaining from re-aligning with their districts when they receive new information about their constituencies’ preferences. Using a difference-in-differences setup and the Brexit referendum as a natural experiment that educates MPs about their constituencies’ leaning, we find that MPs who unexpectedly learn that they are misaligned with their districts (receive a negative information shock) avoid issues on which they are misaligned, relative to aligned MPs. Instead, they use more populist rhetoric, and push party ideology to obtain re-alignment. Our results show how legislators use populism and polarization as tools to avoid drawing attention to issues where there is a mismatch between voters and the legislature.

The causal effect of trust in government on green policymaking

Fueling politics: Political ideology, election dynamics, and oil search licenses

Norwegian Parliamentary Debates 1945–2021
  with Jon Fiva an Henning Øien

COMING SOON: Data set with all Norwegian Parliamentary speeches in the period 1945 – 2021. We also include metadata on legislators’ committee membership, speaker status (minister, elected, deputy…), and descriptive characteristics.

Working papers

Staying in Line or Straying for Votes: Party Discipline and Dyadic Representation (2024)

How does strong party discipline affect legislators’ responsiveness to local concerns? In list-based proportional representation systems, the election of candidates depends largely on their position on the ballot. This gives parties strong tools to discipline their elected officials, which can distort the link between the constituency and the representative. I test this hypothesis by studying speech allocation between legislators with heterogeneous incentives to deviate from the party line during local economic downturns in the party-centered environment of Norway. I find that only representatives with comparatively weak incentives to deviate from the party line are allowed to represent their districts during local economic downturns. Deviations are rewarded by local voters but penalized financially by the party, which reduces transfers to deviating MPs’ party organizations. This demonstrates how it can be rational for party elites to restrict MPs from representing subnational interests because they want to prevent deviations from the party line from compromising the party brand.

Chilling in the Shade: Climate change resilience and climate change beliefs (2024)

A large literature shows that risk perceptions are important to understand individuals’ attitude formation. How does resilience to climate change affect citizens’ climate attitudes? I show that the ability to address the negative consequences of climate change, and not vulnerability to climate change, is important to understand climate change perceptions. Citizens in developed Western economies with a high degree of climate change resilience are less likely to see humans as the main driver of climate change and are less likely to call for strengthened public and private action to mitigate emissions. These findings are important to understand the lack of climate ambition by shedding light on how strengthened resilience can compensate for vulnerability but at the risk of compromising future support for green policymaking.

Group Identities and Parliamentary Debates (2023)
  with Jon Fiva and Henning Øien, RR, Journal of Politics

Publications

Legislative party groups and party cohesion (2024), book chapter, Oxford Handbook
  with Martin Søyland

How Does Party Discipline Affect Legislative Behavior? Evidence from Within-Term Variation in Lame-Duck Status   with Jon Fiva, Quarterly Journal of Political Science (2024)

Frøyland, K., Nordberg, T. H., & Nedregård, O. (2018). Nyere kunnskap om inkluderende arbeidsliv (IA)

Nedregård, O., & Abrahamsen, B. (2018). Frafall fra profesjonsutdanningene ved OsloMet. ISO 690

Media

“Snakker mer om næringer de eier aksjer i”, Dagens Næringsliv (2023)

“Hyttepåske for hvem?”, NRK (2021)

“Må det en krise til før politikerne våkner?”, Aftenposten (2020)

“Amerikanske tilstander”, Dagsavisen (2019)

“Faglig interesserte studenter fullfører oftere utdanningen”, forskning.no (2018)